If not already done, soil sample and apply fertilizer as needed.

Plant perennial grasses and legumes. Consider using a novel endophyte tall fescue.

Harvest hay as needed. Do NOT harvest alfalfa after mid-September.

Scout pastures, identify perennial weeds and woody brush. Consult an agricultural professional to determine the control strategy.

Closely monitor livestock and do NOT overgraze. Pasture plants accumulate energy reserves in the fall that help them overwinter and regrow in the spring.

Feed hay to allow pastures to stockpile for winter grazing.

Rest native warm-season grass fields until after frost for better winter survival.